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sybperl-l Archive

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From: michael dot peppler at bnpparibas dot com
Subject: Re: perl DBI::Sybase - How to reconnect through err_handler
Date: Nov 8 2006 6:49AM

The error handler is called from within the server callback (set with 
ct_callback()). There are only a few CTlib calls that are available in 
that situation, and I'm pretty sure that reconnecting is not feasible. The 
alternative is the good old "set a flag in the handler, and check the flag 
in the main code" procedure. Annoying, I know, but I don't see any way to 
directly generate a reconnect from the error handler...


Internet - 08.11.2006 00:32
Sent by:
To:     sybperl-l
Subject:        perl DBI::Sybase - How to reconnect through err_handler

I'm writing an application with a business requirement of reconnecting
a dead db connection to Sybase through the syb_err_handler() error
handler routine.

In the past, I would just run $dbh->DBDEAD() just prior to running the
queries. If the connection was dead, I would just reconnect and run the
query (plus any initialization db routines).

The syb_err_hander() can easily catch a dead connection but calling
$dbh->connect() in the error handler fails

$ ./test_sybase

ERROR: Connection dropped
ct_config(CS_SET, CS_LOGIN_TIMEOUT) failed at /usr/lib64/perl5/site_pe
+rl/5.8.8/x86_64-linux-thread-multi/DBD/ line 94.
ct_config(CS_SET, CS_TIMEOUT) failed at /usr/lib64/perl5/site_perl/5.8
+.8/x86_64-linux-thread-multi/DBD/ line 94.
ct_con_alloc failed at /usr/lib64/perl5/site_perl/5.8.8/x86_64-linux-t
+hread-multi/DBD/ line 94.
ERROR: unable to connect to SISDBA

Has anyone done this?


use strict;
use warnings;

use lib "/home/jfroebe/lib";

use DBI;
use File::Basename;

our $SYBDBA_login = 'login';
our $SYBDBA_password = 'password';

our $dbh = connect_dbms();

sub report_err {
my $msg = shift;
my $type = shift;

if ($type eq 'error') {
print "ERROR: $msg\n";
} else {
print "MSG: $msg\n";

sub syb_err_handler {
my($err, $sev, $state, $line, $server, $proc, $msg, $sql, $err_typ
+e) = @_;

my %ignore_errors = map { $_, 1 } (6, 183, 208, 2056, 2057, 14024,
+ 17001);

if ($err == 151 || $err == 50 || $err == 60) {
report_err("Connection dropped", "error");

for (my $attempt = 0; $attempt < 10; $attempt++) {
if ($dbh = connect_dbms()) {
report_err("Reconnected", "error");
return 0;

sleep 2;

return 1;
} elsif ($err == 63 || ($err == 4 && $sev == 5) ) {
report_err("Connection timed out", "error");
return 1;
} elsif ($ignore_errors{$err}) {
# ignore
return 0;

print "error: $err, $sev, $state : $msg\n";
return 1;

sub connect_dbms {
my $script = basename($0);

if ($dbh = DBI->connect("dbi:Sybase:server=SISDBA;loginTimeout=10;
+arset=iso_1", $SYBDBA_login, $SYBDBA_password, { PrintError => 0, Rai
+seError => 0, syb_err_handler => \&syb_err_handler } )) {
return $dbh;

report_err("unable to connect to SISDBA", "error");

sub syb_loop {
my $query = "exec sp_helpdb";

for (my $i = 0; $i < 10000; $i++) {
my $array_ref = $dbh->selectall_arrayref($query);


Jason L. Froebe

He was the sort of person who stood on mountaintops during thunderstorms 
in wet copper armour shouting "All the Gods are bastards." --- Terry 

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